Determination of CP1 compliance

Legal assistance paper

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Date produced: 12/06/2013

What is the achievemet of the compliance during the first Kyoto Protocol commitment period?

Regarding the achievement of compliance at the end of CP1, it’s still too early to make that determination. The Compliance Committee under the Kyoto Protocol can only make that determination after assessing the annual reports submitted by Parties for the final year of CP1 and the “true up period” after that.
The deadlines for submitting annual reports are typically about two years after the end of the commitment period year in question. In other words, in 2012 the annual reports submitted were only in respect of the year 2010 in CP1. The deadlines for the 2011 and 2012 annual reports are in 2013 and 2014 respectively. Finally, Parties will have a 100 day “true-up period” after submitting their 2012 annual reports. The “true-up period” allows Parties to address any shortfalls in achieving their targets at the end of CP1. Reports for the “true-up period” will then need to be submitted in 2015.
So, until the annual reports are submitted for all commitment period years and the “true-up period” (where relevant), we can’t determine with any certainty whether a Party has achieved its CP1 targets. However, in the meantime you can find some estimates of 2012 CO2 emissions online, see for example http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/CO2REPORT2012.pdf.