1. Can you confirm the interpretation that committees are in fact SBs for the purpose of Art 7.2? If this is the case, how do they differ from the more familiar subsidiary bodies: SBI and SBSTA? 2. Does this mean that there is no automatic hierarchy of ‘committees’ as sitting beneath SBSTA and SBI except […]

1. Is the concept of “supplementarity” defined within the international climate regime? 2. Is the issue of supplementarity/trading as supplemental mentioned in any CMP decisions? 3. Is the issue mentioned in any COP decisions other than 15/CP.7? 1. Definition of “Supplementarity” 1.1 Our research has not uncovered a definition for the …

What is the status of an NGO treaty submitted to the secretariat by NGOs under Article 17 of the Convention? Is there any precedent for non-party proposals to have legal status in the UN system? Is there scope for non-governmental proposals to have legal status in the UN system?  If the proposal does not have legal status, is there […]

1. Is “an amendment” to the KP a single change or can it be a number of changes taken as a package ? 2. Do changes under Article 20 and Article 21 necessarily have to be taken together as a package or can parties ratify them separately (or pick and choose)? 1. Please note that […]

The package of decisions adopted in Durban has at least four significant implications: (A) It has the effect of de-linking the post-2020 regime from the Bali Action Plan; (B) This de-linking, together with the lack of reference to “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities” (CBDR) in the ADP Decision, opens the door …