Given that the Doha Amendment has not yet entered into force, and also in the event that this occurs in the remainder of 2019 or in the course of 2020, 1. What is the legal scenario once 2020 ends with respect to the continuity of the Kyoto Protocol in the absence of a third commitment […]

Under the “matters relating to the least developed countries” agenda item 10 of the SBI 50, the issue of the graduation from LDC status is being discussed. Parties are discussing what kind of transition period might be needed under the UNFCCC, including possible transition period length, flexibilities given and other contexts.  Please advise how …

Can you prepare a short high level summary on the content of the Pact for the Environment, its objectives, scope, main rights and obligations, and the implications for states that sign up to it? Advice: Background to the Draft Global Pact for the Environment On 24 June 2017, a group of 80 experts from 40 […]

What options are there to put forward language that captures the spirit of a review without formally using the ‘review’ phrase, to allow Parties to consider the information being communicated under Article 9.5? Are there, for instance, other international (environmental) law agreements that may have relevant examples of other mechanisms …