1. If the KP is extended to a second commitment period, what are the legal requirements needed (or are there any available legal avenues) to prohibit or limit the carry over of AAUs from the first to the second commitment period, or limit trading of such AAUs under Article 17. 2. What legal text/language would […]

What are the benefits and drawbacks of the current Human Rights Council peer review process? What works, what could be improved and could you outline any involvement by NGOs – i.e., ability to submit amicus briefs, etc? There is a formal process for NGO involvement, spelled out in greater detail below and in the document […]

1. If qualitative language only were adopted by UNFCCC (e.g. ยง18), could it be regarded as having legal weight in relation to measures adopted by IMO or ICAO? E.g., could a UNFCCC Party not only refuse to ratify a measure in IMO or ICAO, but seek legal redress against such a measure by other Parties, […]

In 2008, the Maldives, on behalf of the Group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs), submitted a proposal to the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for an International Air Passenger Adaptation Levy (IAPAL). The suggested IAPAL is a tax on the purchase of international airfares differentiated …