How do you ensure permanence of the international mechanism on loss and damage? Background and Summary: There are many countries who state that their chief concern is to ensure the permanence of an international mechanism. They fear that, given its current mandate and scheduled review, the Warsaw International Mechanism could disappear after 2016. For …

1. What will happen to Article 2.2 of the Kyoto Protocol, post-Paris? 2. Assuming the Paris Agreement does contain a provision on international transport, how will the Agreement interact with other legal treaties, such as the Chicago Convention, which guarantees equal treatment? Advice: 1. Status of Article 2.2 KP post-Paris Although what will happen …

What are the necessary procedural steps required for the US government to ratify/accede to a new climate agreement without the involvement of parliament/congress following signature in Paris? Advice: An overview of the mechanism by which the President of the United States may enter into executive agreements without the advice and consent of the Senate …

Please advise on the likely status of: emissions trading credits relating to Article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol (emissions trading); and emission reduction units relating to Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol (joint implementation) under the Paris Agreement due to be agreed at the end of this year and which is intended to come into force […]

Is there any way to hook countries, such as the USA, who will only agree to take on voluntary emission reductions commitments in the new climate agreement currently being negotiated, to somehow commit to legally binding obligations in the future through something like a ‘dormant commitment clause’ or another provision/approach? Advice: If …