As the Adaptation Fund sits under the Kyoto Protocol and other institutions, such as the Least Developed Countries Fund, under the Convention, how could linkages as envisaged under  Part II of the terms of reference for the adaptation fund review (which is to include the institutional linkages and relations, as appropriate, between the Adaptation …

Each year over 32 million people are forced to leave their homes to seek permanent or temporary residence in other parts of their own countries or in new countries in response to political, social, economic and environmental forces. Some of these people will meet criteria agreed to by the international community and will be given […]

This briefing note sets out, at a very high level, some of the key points relating to the provision of the long‐term finance and whether this money will be ‘new and additional. In particular, it addresses the following points: a) the correct interpretation of the wording “mobilizing jointly $100 billion a year by 2020”as set […]

In this briefing note, we set out: to what extent the draft adaptation text of 18 December 2009 and the adaptation provisions of the Copenhagen Accord contain actionable provisions, arrangements or commitments as opposed to mere statements of intent or vague announcements; to what extent these provisions are a step up from existing provisions under …

What are the legal implications of the Adaptation Fund becoming an Operational Entity under the Financial Mechanism of the Convention? Summary: Two different sets of legal implications would arise from accrediting the Adaptation Fund (AF) as an Operating Entity (OE) of the Financial Mechanism (FM) under UNFCCC Article 11. The first consequences are …