The Co-Chairs of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) have just issued a revised document. It contains sections on mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity building. The new ‘Draft Agreement’ comprises 26 articles on 9 pages that cover all the areas under negotiations. However, many …

During the negotiating session in Bonn in June 2010, the AWG-KP requested the Secretariat’s legal service to prepare a paper on how to avoid a gap between the first and second commitment periods and to identify the legal consequences of any such gap. The formal request is as follows: “In the context of decision 1/CMP.1 […]

In this briefing paper, we are set out an analysis of the following question: What sanctions/penalties exist in other environmental treaties (e.g. CITIES, CBD, Montreal Protocol)? Without commenting on the merits of such sanctions/penalties, would any of these be compatible with the Convention or the current LCA text. Downloads available BP14E - Briefing …

In this briefing paper, we set out our views on the following questions: What is a compliance / enforcement mechanism? What is its purpose and why is it important? Where would be the most appropriate place in the LCA text for such a mechanism (which deals with finance and mitigation by developed country parties only) […]

This paper sets out the operation of the Kyoto Compliance Mechanism including a brief overview of the facilitative and enforcement branches, how non-compliance with QELRC is determined and the consequences of non-compliance with those targets. Downloads available BP12E - Briefing Paper - Kyoto Compliance Mechanism (19 July 2010) (74 kB)BP12F - Briefing …