How do you ensure permanence of the international mechanism on loss and damage? Background and Summary: There are many countries who state that their chief concern is to ensure the permanence of an international mechanism. They fear that, given its current mandate and scheduled review, the Warsaw International Mechanism could disappear after 2016. For …

What are the legal and governance questions involved if an institution serves two agreements: how can an institution such as the WIM be under the guidance of the COP and the governing body of the new agreement at the same time? what does this mean? Joint COP/PARIS COP agenda items? Advice: It is not uncommon, […]

Comment les contributions déterminées au niveau national (NDCs) des Parties peuvent-elles être intégrées dans un nouvel accord sur le climat 2015 de Paris ? Conseil : Si les Parties n’adoptent pas un nouvel instrument juridique international formellement contraignant (mais plutôt un ensemble de décisions de la COP ou une simple entente politique), …

How can Parties’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs) be integrated into a new 2015 Paris climate agreement? Advice: If the Parties do not adopt a new formally binding international legal instrument (but rather a set of COP decisions or a purely political deal) then the question of “integration” is of limited relevance. For the purposes …

Can you provide me with some general guidance on the language used in COP decisions, their legal implications and meaning? Understanding Decision Text Most resolutions have two components:  Preambular text: Sets the context but has limited legal authority  Operative text: Is the legally binding component, though words may be used to dilute or negate …