1. Is it correct that all non-agreed text is deleted? 2. If this is the case, what are the options for that text? For example, do Parties start from scratch? Or can Parties work with existing proposals to try and amend those?  3. If it is not the case that the non-agreed text is deleted, […]

1. There is an ongoing process established by the G20 to determine the amounts of fossil fuels subsidies. Is it possible to have a place in COP discussions to consider this process in order to ensure its full transparency, and ensure its relevancy is captured in the climate regime? Would this mandate come from the […]

1. Is there a precedent for having ‘gentleman’s agreements’ made on issues that might normally comprise COP decisions? 2. What is the actual form of a Gentleman’s agreement?  For example, would they be ‘decision’ type language with placeholders in brackets? 3. Are there any dis/advantages to this approach compared to COP decisions? …

Can you provide clarification on the legal status, legal strength (in terms of bindingness) and implications thereof of three different instruments: COP decisions, legally binding treaties and unilateral declarations? Treaties, COP decisions and unilateral decisions can all be legally binding under international law. Whether or not they are in a particular …

What are the legal implications of the words “takes note of…” in the Copenhagen Accord? The Accord itself is a non-legally binding agreement. As between the parties that agreed it (or subsequently associated themselves with it), it is likely, if anything, to be politically binding. This means that political consequences could flow from its …