The Doha Climate Change Conference (COP18) culminated on Saturday 8 December 2012 with the adoption of the ‘Doha Climate Gateway’, a set of decisions adopted by near universal acclamation related to amendments to the Kyoto Protocol (the KP Decision), the closure of the Ad-­‐hoc Working Group on Long-­‐term Cooperative Action (AWG-­‐LCA) …

In 2008, the Maldives, on behalf of the Group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs), submitted a proposal to the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for an International Air Passenger Adaptation Levy (IAPAL). The suggested IAPAL is a tax on the purchase of international airfares differentiated …