How do you ensure permanence of the international mechanism on loss and damage? Background and Summary: There are many countries who state that their chief concern is to ensure the permanence of an international mechanism. They fear that, given its current mandate and scheduled review, the Warsaw International Mechanism could disappear after 2016. For …

1. What will happen to Article 2.2 of the Kyoto Protocol, post-Paris? 2. Assuming the Paris Agreement does contain a provision on international transport, how will the Agreement interact with other legal treaties, such as the Chicago Convention, which guarantees equal treatment? Advice: 1. Status of Article 2.2 KP post-Paris Although what will happen …

What are the legal implications, and pros and cons, of the various options for entry into force provision in the September 2015 draft of the Geneva text? Advice: Option 1: This agreement [shall][will] [enter into force][come into effect on and be implemented from 2020] [on the[ thirtieth][ ninetieth] day after the date on which not […]

What are the necessary procedural steps required for the US government to ratify/accede to a new climate agreement without the involvement of parliament/congress following signature in Paris? Advice: An overview of the mechanism by which the President of the United States may enter into executive agreements without the advice and consent of the Senate …

The Co-Chairs of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) have just issued a revised document. It contains sections on mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer and capacity building. The new ‘Draft Agreement’ comprises 26 articles on 9 pages that cover all the areas under negotiations. However, many …