Could you provide a broad overview of the constitutional structure governing the President’s ability to enter into and execute international agreements?  Could you then examine the proposed core elements of the new climate treaty/agreement/protocol – mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building …

Could you please gather various mentions of the 1.5 degree target in various UNFCCC documents? Some say 2 degree OR 1.5 degree whilst others refer to it as ‘with reference to’,’ leading towards’ etc. What would be the best way of capturing this without using “OR”? Advice:  The long-term global goal is currently 2°C degrees, …

If and to what extent does the process of submitting Intended Nationally Determined Contributions that reflect states’ voluntary efforts to address climate change conflict with the science-based approach under public international law? Summary: The science-based approach under the UNFCCC does not affect the validity or political relevance of voluntary …

What is the meaning of additionality under the Framework Convention and the Kyoto Protocol? Advice: Additionality refers to two areas of the negotiations: the additionality of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions, and the additionality of financial contributions of developed countries in respect of mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation additionality …