Can the Green Climate Fund support activities or projects that are outside the UNFCCC mandate? E.g. If the activity clearly falls within the mandate of the International Maritime (emissions from shipping) or Civil Aviation Organizations (ICAO) ? Summary: 1.             This advice provides an overview of how powers are delegated to international …

Please advise on: (a) the current requirements, recent developments and current proposals concerning the regulation of emissions from international transport (bunker fuels) under:         (i) the UNFCCC;         (ii) the ICAO; and         (iii) the IMO; and (b) elements of the regulation of international transport of […]

1. What will happen to Article 2.2 of the Kyoto Protocol, post-Paris? 2. Assuming the Paris Agreement does contain a provision on international transport, how will the Agreement interact with other legal treaties, such as the Chicago Convention, which guarantees equal treatment? Advice: 1. Status of Article 2.2 KP post-Paris Although what will happen …

1. Has Brazil objected in the past to the procedure of “tacit amendment” under the IMO? 2. As Brazil recently objected to the “tacit amendment” procedure for the MARPOL Annex VI amendments related to adoption of the EEDI, has it forwarded these amendments to the National Congress for ratification yet? 3. Is there a sound […]

1. Can decisions or agreements made by the COP on innovative sources of finance compel other existing bodies that have authority over certain sectors (in particular, the IMO/ICAO which have authority over bunker tax) to make that decision or agreement effective? Does this vary with legal form (recommendation, COP decision, protocol to the UNFCCC, or …