1. Following the postponement of COP26 (originally planned for November 2020), by when do Parties have to communicate or update their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) pursuant to Article 4 of the Paris Agreement? 2. If the Parties are bound to communicate or update their NDCs by 2020, is there any legal basis to say that, […]

Can the Green Climate Fund support activities or projects that are outside the UNFCCC mandate? E.g. If the activity clearly falls within the mandate of the International Maritime (emissions from shipping) or Civil Aviation Organizations (ICAO) ? Summary: 1.             This advice provides an overview of how powers are delegated to international …

Peut-on interpréter cette disposition comme permettant une révision à la baisse de leur CDN par les Parties ? En résumé: Afin de répondre à cette question, nous avons entrepris une analyse classique de l’interprétation des traités. Notre conclusion est que, bien qu’il n’y ait rien de spécifique dans l’Accord de Paris …

How does the Global Market Based Measure (GMBM) complement emission reduction initiatives and ambition under the Paris Agreement? Summary: Article 6 of the Paris Agreement established an initiative to facilitate trade between states and promote carbon pricing on a global scale. Although countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions do not include …