What options are there to discuss the special circumstances of Africa under existing and/or new agenda items of UNFCCC/PA bodies? Advice: Background Since the end of 2015 the African Group (AG) has been pushing for a formal inclusion of an agenda item in COP meetings to consider the special needs and special circumstances of Africa […]

How can space be made for discussion of modalities relating to ex ante finance communications under Article 9.5 PA going forward? Can you review current proposals and suggest additional options that have not been considered yet? Summary: We set out below: (1) our very brief analysis of the options proposed by the APA co-Chairs; and […]

In Paris, on 12 December 2016, the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted the Paris Agreement with accompanying COP decisions. The Paris Agreement outlines a broad framework for climate action that requires significant further work by the Parties to develop the envisaged processes, structures …

Since Durban, the institutional home for Workstream 2 has been the ADP, but as it is scheduled to close in Paris, a new home will need to be found. What are┬áthe options (drawing on precedents under the process as much as possible) and their pros and cons for various institutional arrangements of three components of […]