1. Would a COP15 bis be considered an ‘ordinary session’ or an ‘extraordinary session’? 2. Could a protocol be adopted at a COP15 bis? Within a COP and a COP bis scenario, is it possible to adopt COP decisions at the first session of the COP (ie Copenhagen) and then to adopt further COP decisions […]

1. A) How and when have successive treaties been used in international law, particularly in international environmental law? Why was a successor treaty chosen as an option over an amendment to the underlying agreement or a new agreement? B) What type of provision is needed (if any) to indicate that it is a successor treaty? Please include formulations …

1. If qualitative language only were adopted by UNFCCC (e.g. §18), could it be regarded as having legal weight in relation to measures adopted by IMO or ICAO? E.g., could a UNFCCC Party not only refuse to ratify a measure in IMO or ICAO, but seek legal redress against such a measure by other Parties, […]

In Doha, the Parties noted (and endorsed) various procedural matters previously agreed by the ADP in Bonn in May 2012 and adopted the ADP’s Conclusions and the ADP Decision. In particular, the conference of the parties (COP) endorsed the multi-­‐year chairing arrangements agreed in May 2012, noted the agenda as adopted by the ADP in […]