1. What are the implications of the entry into force of the Doha Amendment for countries that are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, and have a mitigation commitment under both? 2. Can you clarify if and to what extent NDCs under the Paris Agreement will supersede Parties\’ emission reduction targets at […]

Given that the Doha Amendment has not yet entered into force, and also in the event that this occurs in the remainder of 2019 or in the course of 2020, 1. What is the legal scenario once 2020 ends with respect to the continuity of the Kyoto Protocol in the absence of a third commitment […]

What does the failure to ratify the Doha amendment to the Kyoto Protocol mean for the future of KP units (Assigned Amount Units in particular) and whether Parties may use those units for post-2020 emissions targets? Summary Carried-over (surplus) Assigned Amount Units (AAUs) could be used by KP Annex B states in the following cases: […]

How can a new 2015 climate agreement to be adopted in Paris make reference to provisions, mechanisms, rules and other arrangements developed under the Kyoto Protocol and ensure that they apply to those Parties (of the Agreement) that have not ratified the KP, have not agreed to a second commitment period or failed to ratify […]