If the agreed outcome is not in a form of a protocol, do we need to amend the UNFCCC itself as the Convention does refer to protocol in art 8,17,19 and 25? Advice: It is unlikely that the UNFCCC would need to be amended. However, the relationship between the UNFCCC and the agreed upon outcome […]

On the basis that Article 16 of the Convention contains provisions for amending the annexes and Article 15 contains provisions for amending the Convention, can the UNFCCC be read as containing an intention that the Annexes should be periodically reviewed and modified? Summary:  With the exception of the review mandated by Article 4.2(f) of the …

This briefing paper is comprised of two parts. The first part addresses the existing institutional arrangement under both the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (the “Convention”) and the Kyoto Protocol. It includes simplified organisation charts. The second part addresses possible future institutions, as proposed in the current negotiation …

The continued failure of the parties to agree a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol is a cause for concern. Further delay in any agreement for a second commitment period could mean that there will be a gap between commitment periods where the relevant parties are not bound by any emission reduction commitments. A […]