1. Following the postponement of COP26 (originally planned for November 2020), by when do Parties have to communicate or update their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) pursuant to Article 4 of the Paris Agreement? 2. If the Parties are bound to communicate or update their NDCs by 2020, is there any legal basis to say that, […]

Could a failure to comply with obligations related to the Transparency Framework under Article 13, Paris Agreement, be a trigger for action by the Compliance Committee under Article 15 ? Advice: The Paris Agreement does not provide for any explicit relationship between Article 13 (transparency framework) and Article 15 (compliance mechanism). There …

To what extent could the outputs of the compliance committee inform the global stocktake? Advice: The systematic structure and negotiation history of the Paris Agreement suggests that the transparency framework (under Art.13) should inform the global stocktake (Art.14), and the global stocktake the mechanism to facilitate implementation and promote …